There are five instructional stages in the Instructional Design. These stages include analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. By understanding and following these stages, teaching an online course would be more effective.
By following this approach the instructor or creator of the class would first analyze what specific skills and knowledge is desired. Also in this initial analysis stage, the learner and learning environment must be taken into consideration. In the design stage, “Course designers must invest in an exhaustive effort to articulate what they believe their students should learn and how that learning will be demonstrated” (Moore, 2011, p.98). Next, in the development stage the instructional materials are created, then implemented. The last stage involves evaluating students to see if learning goals and objectives were met.
A team based approach is also effective in carrying out the instructional design. Morrison stated that, “This approach is representative of the paradigm shift in education—a focus that shifts to learner-centered model” (2013). Through this approach having a commitment, common goal, cohesive team culture, strong support from leadership, keeping deadlines, good communication, and a good project management tool leads to more successful implementation of an online course.
ADDIE is another model for instructional design, which is not only used in education, but also in business (Ann, 2016). This model is the oldest and most popular (Ann, 2016). ADDIE stand for Analysis, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluation.
With good preparation and planning, lessons will flow more smoothly, and students engagement increases. Having set clear objectives and learning goals for students to meet has proven to increase student learning. Moore and Kearsey reported that “there is very little doubt that there is a direct relationship between the time and effort put into the Instructional Systems Design and the ultimate quality of the distance education program” (p.32).
Ann (2016). ID Roles & Responsibilities. Gordon Computer. Retrieved from: http://instructionaldesign.gordoncomputer.com/IDRoles.html
Moore, Michael G.; Kearsley, Greg (2011-04-22). Distance Education: A Systems View of Online Learning (Whats New in Education) (Page 98). Cengage Textbook. Kindle Edition.
Morrison, D. (2013). How to Apply a Team Based Approach to Online Course Design. Online Learning Insights: A place for learning about online education. Retrieved from: https://onlinelearninginsights.wordpress.com/tag/team-based-instructional-design/